In athletic individuals, sports activities result in a lovely deal of movement and pressure on the foot. Slight imbalances in the foot that are not harmful or even detectable under usual circumstances may make one more vulnerable to injury with the extra stress of sports activity. By releasing the need for one’s muscles to compensate for imperceptible imbalances, orthotics can reduce fatigue and promote efficient muscle function to enhance performance. With enough functional correction, the foot structure can be aligned to give more propulsion, making walking, running and cycling more mechanically efficient.
Bunions are also called “hallux abducto-valgus” in medical terms. Hallux refers to the great toe. Abducto-valgus refers to position of the great toe such that it points towards the other, lesser toes and is rotated. The bunion deformity consists of the movement of two bones at the great toe joint. The further back bone, called the first metatarsal, moves toward the midline of the body and the toe bone, called the proximal phalanx, moves in the opposite direction toward the other toes. The first example of before and after pictures of bunion surgery are of a severe bunion. The after picture is at only three months.
A bunion is a deformity of the foot characterized by a visible bump, typically on the side of the big toe. The deformity is usually the result of faulty bone structure of the foot. The faulty bone structure is often inherited and may or may not lead to a bunion. Certain lifestyle factors and health conditions can aggravate the inferior bone structure, causing a bunion to develop over time. Although it happens infrequently, a bunion can also form on the joint of the little toe, in which case it is called a “tailor’s bunion” or bunionette.
To get an answer to this question, forty-five people with hallux valgus were randomly divided over three groups. The first group received a toe separator, the second a bunion splint to be worn at night and the third group had to do mobilisation exercises. Statictical analysis of the data revealedthat while a hallux separator was ineffective inreducing pain and deformity, a hallux valgus nightsplint did not effect the deformity but couldalleviate pain. Mobilisation exercises were effectivein decreasing pain and in correcting a flexibledeformity to some extent.” ( Source Bunions – Form when the BIG toe angles in towards the 2nd toe. It can become hard and lead to an ulcer.
Meanwhile, the other bone related to this condition, which creates a need for bunion splints, is the big toe, which is dislocated in the direction of the other four toes. The displacement can happen either over or under the second toe. Bone inside the forefront begins to stick out. In some instances, skin atop this projection can result in a callus. Fortunately, a bunion splint is available to relieve the pain that bunions cause. Wearing this tool and making some basic changes to your shoes, can help to treat these lumps and prevent them from occurring in the future. You can easily find these splints on the Internet.
There are other causes of foot pain, more serious, that need attention from a health care professional. These include gout, broken bones and arthritis. Foot pain can be treated with simple medication found over the counter. One such product, PAINenz, is a a roll-on topical analgesic that has been found to be effective in the fight against feet pain. The main ingredient , capsaicin is known for its pain-relieving properties. Most people get calluses and corns. They are seen more frequently in people with bony feet and in women, probably because women often wear shoes that create friction on the feet, such as high-heeled or thin-soled shoes.
The most common area for the formation of calluses on the bottom of the foot is in the area of the ball of the foot. This is a weight bearing area where the long bones behind the toes called metatarsals, bear the greatest amount of weight and pressure. If one or more of these long bones (metatarsals) is out of alignment then excessive pressure is generated in the area producing a callous. The callused area can be very discreet and have a “core” or they can be more dispersed covering a larger area. These areas can become quite painful as the skin thickens.
There are ways to prevent these problems from occurring and there are solutions to most of these foot infirmities, but some are going to be hard to adopt and adapt to your lifestyle. Try to stick with it though, because soft, smooth feet, without squished toes and lumps and bumps, are definitely the way to go! Calluses are larger, and almost always are a painless thickening of skin caused by repeated pressure or irritation on the heels or balls of the feet. Calluses can become painful when they become so dry and cracked that the area becomes sore and tender to the touch.